Brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 1-associated protein 2
Fas ligand-associated factor 3
Insulin receptor substrate p53
Insulin receptor substrate p53/p58
Insulin receptor substrate protein of 53 kDa
Adapter protein that links membrane-bound small G-proteins to cytoplasmic effector proteins. Necessary for CDC42-mediated reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and for RAC1-mediated membrane ruffling. Involved in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton by WASF family members and the Arp2/3 complex. Plays a role in neurite growth. Acts syngeristically with ENAH to promote filipodia formation.
Isoform 1 and isoform 4 are expressed almost exclusively in brain. Isoform 4 is barely detectable in placenta, prostate and testis. A short isoform is ubiquitous, with the highest expression in liver, prostate, testis and placenta.
The IMD domain forms a coiled coil. The isolated domain can induce actin bundling and filopodia formation. In the absence of G-proteins intramolecular interaction between the IMD and the SH3 domain gives rise to an auto-inhibited state of the protein. Interaction of the IMD with RAC1 or CDC42 leads to activation. The SH3 domain interacts with ATN1, BAI1, WASF1, WASF2, SHANK1, DIAPH1 and ENAH.
Phosphorylated on tyrosine residues by INSR in response to insulin treatment.
Cytoplasm. Membrane. Cell projection > filopodium. Cell projection > ruffle. Detected throughout the cytoplasm in the absence of specific binding partners. Detected in filopodia and close to membrane ruffles.