Required for the assembly of mature ribosomes and ribosome biogenesis. Together with EFTUD1, triggers the GTP-dependent release of EIF6 from 60S pre-ribosomes in the cytoplasm, thereby activating ribosomes for translation competence by allowing 80S ribosome assembly and facilitating EIF6 recycling to the nucleus, where it is required for 60S rRNA processing and nuclear export. Required for normal levels of protein synthesis. May play a role in cellular stress resistance. May play a role in cellular response to DNA damage. May play a role in cell proliferation.
Defects in SBDS are the cause of Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) [MIM:260400]. SDS is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, hematologic dysfunction, and skeletal abnormalities.
Belongs to the SDO1/SBDS family.
Cytoplasm. Nucleus > nucleolus. Nucleus > nucleoplasm. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton > spindle. Primarily detected in the cytoplasm, and at low levels in nucleus and nucleolus (PubMed:19602484 and PubMed:17475909). Detected in the nucleolus during G1 and G2 phase of the cell cycle, and diffusely distributed in the nucleus during S phase. Detected at the mitotic spindle. Colocalizes with the microtubule organizing center during interphase.