DNA repair enzyme that incises DNA at 8-oxoG residues. Excises 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine and 2,6-diamino-4-hydroxy-5-N-methylformamidopyrimidine (FAPY) from damaged DNA. Has a beta-lyase activity that nicks DNA 3' to the lesion.
Defects in OGG1 may be a cause of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) [MIM:144700]. It is a heterogeneous group of sporadic or hereditary carcinoma derived from cells of the proximal renal tubular epithelium. It is subclassified into clear cell renal carcinoma (non-papillary carcinoma), papillary renal cell carcinoma, chromophobe renal cell carcinoma, collecting duct carcinoma with medullary carcinoma of the kidney, and unclassified renal cell carcinoma.
Belongs to the type-1 OGG1 family.
Mitochondrion; Nucleus and Nucleus > nucleoplasm. Nucleus speckle. Nucleus matrix. Together with APEX1 is recruited to nuclear speckles in UVA-irradiated cells.