功能Enzyme with hydroxy-pyruvate reductase, glyoxylate reductase and D-glycerate dehydrogenase enzymatic activities. Reduces hydroxypyruvate to D-glycerate, glyoxylate to glycolate oxidizes D-glycerate to hydroxypyruvate.
组织特异性Ubiquitous. Most abundantly expressed in the liver.
疾病相关Defects in GRHPR are the cause of hyperoxaluria primary type 2 (HP2) [MIM:260000]; also known as primary hyperoxaluria type II (PH2). HP2 is a disorder where the main clinical manifestation is calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis though chronic as well as terminal renal insufficiency has been described. It is characterized by an elevated urinary excretion of oxalate and L-glycerate.
序列相似性Belongs to the D-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase family.