Translation of this uORF probably lowers the translation efficiency of EYA2
Tyrosine phosphatase that specifically dephosphorylates 'Tyr-142' of histone H2AX (H2AXY142ph). 'Tyr-142' phosphorylation of histone H2AX plays a central role in DNA repair and acts as a mark that distinguishes between apoptotic and repair responses to genotoxic stress. Promotes efficient DNA repair by dephosphorylating H2AX, promoting the recruitment of DNA repair complexes containing MDC1. Its function as histone phosphatase probably explains its role in transcription regulation during organogenesis. Coactivates SIX1. Seems to coactivate SIX2, SIX4 and SIX5. Together with SIX1 and DACH2 seem to be involved in myogenesis. May be involved in development of the eye. Interaction with GNAZ and GNAI2 prevents nuclear translocation and transcriptional activity.
Highest expression in muscle with lower levels in kidney, placenta, pancreas, brain and heart.
Belongs to the HAD-like hydrolase superfamily. EYA family.
At the begin of fourth week of development detected in cytoplasm of somite cells. Between the sixth and eighth week of development detected in cytoplasm of limb bud cells.