NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase 3 membrane-bound form
NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase 3 soluble form
Desaturation and elongation of fatty acids, cholesterol biosynthesis, drug metabolism, and, in erythrocyte, methemoglobin reduction.
Isoform 2 is expressed at late stages of erythroid maturation.
Defects in CYB5R3 are the cause of methemoglobinemia CYB5R3-related (METHB-CYB5R3) [MIM:250800]. A form of methemoglobinemia, a hematologic disease characterized by the presence of excessive amounts of methemoglobin in blood cells, resulting in decreased oxygen carrying capacity of the blood, cyanosis and hypoxia. There are two types of methemoglobinemia CYB5R3-related. In type 1, the defect affects the soluble form of the enzyme, is restricted to red blood cells, and causes well-tolerated methemoglobinemia. In type 2, the defect affects both the soluble and microsomal forms of the enzyme and is thus generalized, affecting red cells, leukocytes and all body tissues. Type 2 methemoglobinemia is associated with mental deficiency and other neurologic symptoms.
Belongs to the flavoprotein pyridine nucleotide cytochrome reductase family. Contains 1 FAD-binding FR-type domain.
Endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Mitochondrion outer membrane and Cytoplasm. Produces the soluble form found in erythrocytes.