Functions as a cation- and diacylglycerol (DAG)-regulated nucleotide exchange factor activating Ras through the exchange of bound GDP for GTP. May function in mast cells differentiation.
Expressed by mast cells and their progenitors (at protein level). Specifically expressed in mononuclear leukocytes. Highly expressed in myeloid cells compared to lymphoid cells. Also detected in heart, skeletal muscle, spleen, liver, placenta and lung. Not detected in brain. Isoform 1 is the major isoform in normal individuals. Isoform 2 is more significantly expressed in a patient with asthma. Isoform 3 is more significantly expressed in a patient with asthma and a mastocytosis patient.
ICC/IF image of ab96293 stained PC3 cells. The cells were 4% formaldehyde fixed (10 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody ab96293 at 5µg/ml overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was DyLight® 488 goat anti- rabbit (ab96899) IgG (H+L) used at a 1/250 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.
Western blot - RASGRP 4 antibody (ab96293)
Anti-RASGRP 4 antibody (ab96293) at 1/1000 dilution + Raji whole cell lysates at 30 µg