The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
应用说明ICC/IF: Use at a concentration of 5.0 - 10.0 µg/ml using HEK293-T cells fixed with methanol-acetone.
IP: Use at an assay dependent dilution.
WB: Use at a concentration of 0.5 - 1 µg/ml. Predicted molecular weight: 77 kDa.
Staining of the RAD17 band is specifically inhibited by the immunizing peptide. It is recommended that the antibody be diluted in phosphate buffered saline containing 5% non-fat dry milk and 0.05 % TWEEN 20.
Not yet tested in other applications.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
功能Essential for sustained cell growth, maintenance of chromosomal stability, and ATR-dependent checkpoint activation upon DNA damage. Has a weak ATPase activity required for binding to chromatin. Participates in the recruitment of the RAD1-RAD9-HUS1 complex onto chromatin, and in CHEK1 activation. May also serve as a sensor of DNA replication progression, and may be involved in homologous recombination.
组织特异性Overexpressed in various cancer cell lines and in colon carcinoma (at protein level). Isoform 2 and isoform 3 are the most abundant isoforms in non irradiated cells (at protein level). Ubiquitous at low levels. Highly expressed in testis, where it is expressed within the germinal epithelium of the seminiferous tubuli. Weakly expressed in seminomas (testicular tumors).
序列相似性Belongs to the rad17/RAD24 family.
翻译后修饰Phosphorylated. Phosphorylation on Ser-646 and Ser-656 is cell cycle-regulated, enhanced by genotoxic stress, and required for activation of checkpoint signaling. Phosphorylation is mediated by ATR upon UV or replication arrest, whereas it may be mediated both by ATR and ATM upon ionizing radiation. Phosphorylation on both sites is required for interaction with RAD1 but dispensable for interaction with RFC3 or RFC4.
细胞定位Nucleus. Phosphorylated form redistributes to discrete nuclear foci upon DNA damage.