功能Plasma membrane-associated small GTPase which cycles between an active GTP-bound and inactive GDP-bound state. In active state binds to a variety of effector proteins to regulate cellular responses, such as cell spreading and the formation of actin-based protusions including lamellipodia and membrane ruffles. Promotes cell adhesion and spreading on fibrinogen in a CIB1 and alpha-IIb/beta3 integrin-mediated manner.
组织特异性Highest levels in brain, also detected in heart, placenta and pancreas.
序列相似性Belongs to the small GTPase superfamily. Rho family.
翻译后修饰(Microbial infection) Glycosylated at Tyr-32 by Photorhabdus asymbiotica toxin PAU_02230. Mono-O-GlcNAcylation by PAU_02230 inhibits downstream signaling by an impaired interaction with diverse regulator and effector proteins of Rac and leads to actin disassembly.
细胞定位Cytoplasm. Endomembrane system. Cell projection, lamellipodium. Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Cell membrane. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Membrane-associated when activated. Colocalizes with NRBP to endomembranes and at the cell periphery in lamellipodia. Colocalized with CIB1 in the perinuclear area and at the cell periphery.
Wang H et al. Overexpression of RhoGDI, a novel predictor of distant metastasis, promotes cell proliferation and migration in hepatocellular carcinoma. FEBS Lett588:503-8 (2014).
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