The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/1000. Detects a band of approximately 41 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 41 kDa).
Responds to activation by environmental stress, pro-inflammatory cytokines and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) by phosphorylating a number of transcription factors, such as ELK1 and ATF2 and several downstream kinases, such as MAPKAPK2 and MAPKAPK5. Plays a critical role in the production of some cytokines, for example IL-6. May play a role in stabilization of EPO mRNA during hypoxic stress. Isoform Mxi2 activation is stimulated by mitogens and oxidative stress and only poorly phosphorylates ELK1 and ATF2. Isoform Exip may play a role in the early onset of apoptosis.
Brain, heart, placenta, pancreas and skeletal muscle. Expressed to a lesser extent in lung, liver and kidney.
Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CMGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. MAP kinase subfamily. Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
The TXY motif contains the threonine and tyrosine residues whose phosphorylation activates the MAP kinases.
Dually phosphorylated on Thr-180 and Tyr-182, which activates the enzyme. Phosphorylated upon DNA damage, probably by ATM or ATR.
Zhu Y et al. a- and ß-Naphthoflavone synergistically attenuate H2O2-induced neuron SH-SY5Y cell damage. Exp Ther Med13:1143-1150 (2017).
Read more (PubMed: 28450955) »
Thombare K et al. Long chain saturated and unsaturated fatty acids exert opposing effects on viability and function of GLP-1-producing cells: Mechanisms of lipotoxicity. PLoS One12:e0177605 (2017).
Read more (PubMed: 28520810) »