The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/50000. Detects a band of approximately 16 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 14 kDa).
1/50 - 1/100.
Use at an assay dependent concentration.
Is unsuitable for Flow Cyt.
Probably involved in formation of autophagosomal vacuoles (autophagosomes).
Most abundant in heart, brain, liver, skeletal muscle and testis but absent in thymus and peripheral blood leukocytes.
Belongs to the MAP1 LC3 family.
The precursor molecule is cleaved by APG4B/ATG4B to form the cytosolic form, LC3-I. This is activated by APG7L/ATG7, transferred to ATG3 and conjugated to phospholipid to form the membrane-bound form, LC3-II.
Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton. Endomembrane system. Cytoplasmic vesicle > autophagosome membrane. LC3-II binds to the autophagic membranes.
IHC image of ab52628 staining in human hippocampus formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section, performed on a Leica BondTM system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab52628, 1µg/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.
This product has been referenced in:
Vishnyakova PA et al. Alterations in antioxidant system, mitochondrial biogenesis and autophagy in preeclamptic myometrium. BBA Clin8:35-42 (2017).
Read more (PubMed: 28736722) »
Koukourakis MI et al. Autophagosome Proteins LC3A, LC3B and LC3C Have Distinct Subcellular Distribution Kinetics and Expression in Cancer Cell Lines. PLoS One10:e0137675 (2015).
Read more (PubMed: 26378792) »