Functional component of the Nogo receptor signaling complex (RTN4R/NGFR) in RhoA activation responsible for some inhibition of axonal regeneration by myelin-associated factors. Is also an important negative regulator of oligodentrocyte differentiation and axonal myelination. Acts in conjunction with RTN4 and RTN4R in regulating neuronal precursor cell motility during cortical development.
Expressed exclusively in the central nervous system. Highest level in the in amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus and cerebral cortex. In the rest of the brain a basal expression seems to be always present. Up-regulated in substantia nigra neurons from Parkinson disease patients.