The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 10 µg/ml. (agonist)
1/1 - 1/1000.
Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
功能Promotes the exchange of GDP by GTP. Activates specific Rho GTPase family members, thereby inducing various signaling mechanisms that regulate neuronal shape, growth, and plasticity, through their effects on the actin cytoskeleton. Induces lamellipodia independent of its GEF activity.
组织特异性Isoform 2 is brain specific. Highly expressed in cerebral cortex, putamen, amygdala, hippocampus and caudate nucleus. Weakly expressed in brain stem and cerebellum. Isoform 4 is expressed in skeletal muscle.
疾病相关Genetic variation in KALRN is associated with susceptibility to coronary heart disease type 5 (CHDS5) [MIM:608901]. CHD is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. CHD is multifactorial disease with a strong genetic component. Classic epidemiologic studies have revealed many risk factors for CHD, including age, sex, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and physical inactivity.
序列相似性Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CAMK Ser/Thr protein kinase family. Contains 1 CRAL-TRIO domain. Contains 2 DH (DBL-homology) domains. Contains 1 fibronectin type-III domain. Contains 1 Ig-like C2-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain. Contains 2 PH domains. Contains 1 protein kinase domain. Contains 2 SH3 domains. Contains 5 spectrin repeats.
结构域The two GEF domains catalyze nucleotide exchange for RAC1 and RhoA which are bound by DH1 and DH2 respectively. The two GEF domains appear to play differing roles in neuronal development and axonal outgrowth. SH3 1 binds to the first GEF domain inhibiting GEF activity only when in the presence of a PXXP peptide, suggesting that the SH3 domain/peptide interaction mediates binding to GEF1. CRK1 SH3 domain binds to and inhibits GEF1 activity.
细胞定位Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton. Associated with the cytoskeleton.
Human skeletal muscle tissue (formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded) stained with ab115235 at 5 ug/ml followed by biotinylated goat anti-rabbit IgG secondary antibody, alkaline phosphatase-streptavidin and chromogen.
Anti-KALRN antibody (ab115235)参考文献
has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.