Abcam’s PSGL1 Human in vitro ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) kit is designed for accurate quantitative measurement of Human PSGL1 concentrations in cell culture supernatant and serum.
Human PSGL1 specific antibodies have been precoated onto 96-well plates. Standards and test samples are added to the wells and then incubated at room temperature. After washing, a Biotin-conjugated anti-Human PSGL1 detection antibody is added then incubated at room temperature. Following washing Streptavidin-HRP conjugate is added to each well, incubated at room temperature then again washed. TMB is added and then catalyzed by HRP to produce a blue color product that changes into yellow after the addition of an acidic stop solution. The density of yellow coloration is directly proportional to the amount of Human PSGL1 captured on the plate.
A SLe(x)-type glycan, which through high affinity, calcium-dependent interactions with E-, P- and L-selectins, mediates rapid rolling of leukocytes over vascular surfaces during the initial steps in inflammation. PSGL1 is critical for the initial leukocyte capture.
Expressed on neutrophils, monocytes and most lymphocytes.
Displays complex, core-2, sialylated and fucosylated O-linked oligosaccharides, at least some of which appear to contain poly-N-acetyllactosamine with varying degrees of substitution. Mainly disialylated or neutral forms of the core-2 tetrasaccharide, Galbeta1-->4GlcNAcbeta1-->6(Galbeta1-->3)GalNAcOH. The GlcN:GalN ratio is approximately 2:1 and the Man:Fuc ratio 3:5. Contains about 14% fucose with alpha-1,3 linkage present in two forms: One species is a disialylated, monofucosylated glycan, and the other, a monosialylated, trifucosylated glycan with a polylactosamine backbone. The fucosylated forms carry the Lewis antigen and are important for interaction with selectins and for functioning in leukocyte rolling. The modification containing the sialyl Lewis X glycan is on Thr-57. No sulfated O-glycans. Some N-glycosylation. Sulfation, in conjunction with the SLe(x)-containing glycan, is necessary for P- and L-selectin binding. High affinity P-selectin binding has a preferred requirement for the isomer sulfated on both Tyr-48 and Tyr-51, whereas L-selectin binding requires predominantly sulfation on Tyr-51 with sulfation on Tyr-48 playing only a minor role. These sulfations play an important role in L- and P-selectin-mediated neutrophil recruitment, and leukocyte rolling.