Anti-HLA DR抗体[YE2/36 HLK] (Phycoerythrin) (ab113839)

概述

  • 产品名称Anti-HLA DR抗体[YE2/36 HLK] (Phycoerythrin)
    参阅全部 HLA DR 一抗
  • 描述
    大鼠单克隆抗体[YE2/36 HLK] to HLA DR (Phycoerythrin)
  • 偶联物Phycoerythrin. Ex: 488nm, Em: 575nm
  • 特异性ab113839 recognizes an epitope on the Ia a chain of the Human lymphocyte antigen and has also been shown to recognize the H2, Ia region of the mouse.
  • 经测试应用适用于: IHC-P, IHC-Fr, Flow Cyt, ICC/IFmore details
  • 种属反应性
    与反应: Human
  • 免疫原

    EHR-B Ramos cells.

性能

  • 形式Liquid
  • 存放说明Shipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C.
  • 存储溶液Preservative: 0.02% Sodium azide
    Constituent: 99% PBS
  • Concentration information loading...
  • 纯度Protein G purified
  • 克隆单克隆
  • 克隆编号YE2/36 HLK
  • 骨髓瘤Y3/Ag1.2.3
  • 同种型IgG2a
  • 研究领域

应用

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab113839 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

应用 Ab评论 说明
IHC-P Use at an assay dependent concentration.
IHC-Fr Use at an assay dependent concentration.
Flow Cyt Use 1µg for 106 cells. ab134674-Rat monoclonal IgG2a, is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.
ICC/IF Use at an assay dependent concentration.

靶标

  • 功能Binds peptides derived from antigens that access the endocytic route of antigen presenting cells (APC) and presents them on the cell surface for recognition by the CD4 T-cells. The peptide binding cleft accommodates peptides of 10-30 residues. The peptides presented by MHC class II molecules are generated mostly by degradation of proteins that access the endocytic route, where they are processed by lysosomal proteases and other hydrolases. Exogenous antigens that have been endocytosed by the APC are thus readily available for presentation via MHC II molecules, and for this reason this antigen presentation pathway is usually referred to as exogenous. As membrane proteins on their way to degradation in lysosomes as part of their normal turn-over are also contained in the endosomal/lysosomal compartments, exogenous antigens must compete with those derived from endogenous components. Autophagy is also a source of endogenous peptides, autophagosomes constitutively fuse with MHC class II loading compartments. In addition to APCs, other cells of the gastrointestinal tract, such as epithelial cells, express MHC class II molecules and CD74 and act as APCs, which is an unusual trait of the GI tract. To produce a MHC class II molecule that presents an antigen, three MHC class II molecules (heterodimers of an alpha and a beta chain) associate with a CD74 trimer in the ER to form an heterononamer. Soon after the entry of this complex into the endosomal/lysosomal system where antigen processing occurs, CD74 undergoes a sequential degradation by various proteases, including CTSS and CTSL, leaving a small fragment termed CLIP (class-II-associated invariant chain peptide). The removal of CLIP is facilitated by HLA-DM via direct binding to the alpha-beta-CLIP complex so that CLIP is released. HLA-DM stabilizes MHC class II molecules until primary high affinity antigenic peptides are bound. The MHC II molecule bound to a peptide is then transported to the cell membrane surface. In B-cells, the interaction between HLA-DM and MHC class II molecules is regulated by HLA-DO. Primary dendritic cells (DCs) also to express HLA-DO. Lysosomal miroenvironment has been implicated in the regulation of antigen loading into MHC II molecules, increased acidification produces increased proteolysis and efficient peptide loading.
  • 序列相似性Belongs to the MHC class II family.
    Contains 1 Ig-like C1-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain.
  • 翻译后修饰Ubiquitinated by MARCH1 or MARCH8 at Lys-244 leading to down-regulation of MHC class II. When associated with ubiquitination of the beta subunit of HLA-DR: HLA-DRB4 'Lys-254', the down-regulation of MHC class II may be highly effective.
  • 细胞定位Cell membrane. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Golgi apparatus > trans-Golgi network membrane. Endosome membrane. Lysosome membrane. Late endosome membrane. The MHC class II complex transits through a number of intracellular compartments in the endocytic pathway until it reaches the cell membrane for antigen presentation.
  • Information by UniProt
  • 数据库链接
  • 别名
    • DR alpha chain antibody
    • DR alpha chain precursor antibody
    • DRA_HUMAN antibody
    • DRB1 antibody
    • DRB4 antibody
    • Histocompatibility antigen HLA DR alpha antibody
    • HLA class II histocompatibility antigen antibody
    • HLA class II histocompatibility antigen DR alpha chain antibody
    • HLA DR1B antibody
    • HLA DR3B antibody
    • HLA DRA antibody
    • HLA DRA1 antibody
    • HLA DRB1 antibody
    • HLA DRB3 antibody
    • HLA DRB4 antibody
    • HLA DRB5 antibody
    • HLA-DRA antibody
    • HLADR4B antibody
    • HLADRA1 antibody
    • HLADRB antibody
    • Major histocompatibility complex class II DR alpha antibody
    • Major histocompatibility complex class II DR beta 1 antibody
    • Major histocompatibility complex class II DR beta 3 antibody
    • Major histocompatibility complex class II DR beta 4 antibody
    • Major histocompatibility complex class II DR beta 5 antibody
    • MGC117330 antibody
    • MHC cell surface glycoprotein antibody
    • MHC class II antigen DRA antibody
    • MHC II antibody
    • MLRW antibody
    see all

Anti-HLA DR antibody [YE2/36 HLK] (Phycoerythrin) (ab113839)参考文献

ab113839 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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