Catalyzes the sulfation of membrane glycolipids. Seems to prefer beta-glycosides at the non-reducing termini of sugar chains attached to a lipid moiety. Catalyzes the synthesis of galactosylceramide sulfate (sulfatide), a major lipid component of the myelin sheath and of monogalactosylalkylacylglycerol sulfate (seminolipid), present in spermatocytes (By similarity). Also acts on lactosylceramide, galactosyl 1-alkyl-2-sn-glycerol and galactosyl diacylglycerol (in vitro).
Expressed in kidney proximal tubule, gastric mucosa and adenocarcinoma. Highly expressed in renal cell carcinoma cell lines.
Lipid metabolism; sphingolipid metabolism.
Belongs to the galactose-3-O-sulfotransferase family.