通路Carbohydrate metabolism; tricarboxylic acid cycle; (S)-malate from fumarate: step 1/1.
疾病相关Defects in FH are the cause of fumarase deficiency (FHD) [MIM:606812]; also known as fumaricaciduria. FHD is characterized by progressive encephalopathy, developmental delay, hypotonia, cerebral atrophy and lactic and pyruvic acidemia. Defects in FH are the cause of multiple cutaneous and uterine leiomyomata (MCUL1) [MIM:150800]. MCUL1 is an autosomal dominant condition in which affected individuals develop benign smooth muscle tumors (leiomyomata) of the skin. Affected females also usually develop leiomyomata of the uterus (fibroids). Defects in FH are the cause of hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) [MIM:605839].
序列相似性Belongs to the class-II fumarase/aspartase family. Fumarase subfamily.