Major high molecular weight protein of desmosomes. Involved in the organization of the desmosomal cadherin-plakoglobin complexes into discrete plasma membrane domains and in the anchoring of intermediate filaments to the desmosomes.
Isoform DPI is apparently an obligate constituent of all desmosomes. Isoform DPII resides predominantly in tissues and cells of stratified origin.
Keratoderma, palmoplantar, striate 2 Cardiomyopathy, dilated, with woolly hair and keratoderma Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, familial, 8 Skin fragility-woolly hair syndrome Epidermolysis bullosa, lethal acantholytic Cardiomyopathy, dilated, with woolly hair, keratoderma, and tooth agenesis
Belongs to the plakin or cytolinker family. Contains 17 plectin repeats. Contains 1 SH3 domain. Contains 6 spectrin repeats.
Its association with epidermal and simple keratins is dependent on the tertiary structure induced by heterodimerization of these intermediate filaments proteins and most likely involves recognition sites located in the rod domain of these keratins. The N-terminal region is required for localization to the desmosomal plaque and interacts with the N-terminal region of plakophilin 1. The three tandem plakin repeat regions in the C-terminus mediate binding to intermediate filaments.
Ser-2849 is probably phosphorylated by a cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Phosphorylation on Ser-2849 probably affects its association with epidermal, simple cytokeratins and VIM intermediate filaments. Substrate of transglutaminase. Some glutamines and lysines are cross-linked to other desmoplakin molecules, to other proteins such as keratin, envoplakin, periplakin and involucrin, and to lipids like omega-hydroxyceramide (PubMed:9651377).
Cell junction, desmosome. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Cell membrane. Innermost portion of the desmosomal plaque. Colocalizes with epidermal KRT5-KRT14 and simple KRT8-KRT18 keratins and VIM intermediate filaments network (PubMed:12802069). Localizes at the intercalated disk in cardiomyocytes (By similarity).
ICC/IF image of ab71690 stained HepG2 cells. The cells were 4% PFA fixed (10 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal Goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab71690, 5µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was Alexa Fluor® 488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM. This antibody also gave a positive result in 4% PFA fixed (10 min) HeLa, Hek293, MCF-7 cells at 5µg/ml.
Galoian K et al. Restoration of desmosomal junction protein expression and inhibition of H3K9-specific histone demethylase activity by cytostatic proline-rich polypeptide-1 leads to suppression of tumorigenic potential in human chondrosarcoma cells. Mol Clin Oncol3:171-178 (2015).
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Wang X et al. Synergy Analysis Reveals Association between Insulin Signaling and Desmoplakin Expression in Palmitate Treated HepG2 Cells. PLoS One6:e28138 (2011).
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