The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml.
Use at an assay dependent concentration. PubMed: 19620711
Use a concentration of 10 - 20 µg/ml.
Use a concentration of 0.5 - 4 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 55 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 58 kDa).Can be blocked with Aromatase peptide (ab51924). An additional 35 kDa band can also be detected in Jurkat cells (we are unsure of the identity).
Catalyzes the formation of aromatic C18 estrogens from C19 androgens.
Brain, placenta and gonads.
Defects in CYP19A1 are a cause of aromatase excess syndrome (AEXS) [MIM:139300]; also known as familial gynecomastia. AEXS is characterized by an estrogen excess due to an increased aromatase activity. Defects in CYP19A1 are the cause of aromatase deficiency (AROD) [MIM:107910]. AROD is a rare disease in which fetal androgens are not converted into estrogens due to placental aromatase deficiency. Thus, pregnant women exhibit a hirsutism, which spontaneously resolves after post-partum. At birth, female babies present with pseudohermaphroditism due to virilization of extern genital organs. In adult females, manifestations include delay of puberty, breast hypoplasia and primary amenorrhoea with multicystic ovaries.
Ab18995 staining Human normal placenta. Staining is localised to cell membrane. Left panel: with primary antibody at 4 ug/ml. Right panel: isotype control. Sections were stained using an automated system DAKO Autostainer Plus , at room temperature: sections were rehydrated and antigen retrieved with the Dako 3 in 1 AR buffer citrate pH6.1 in a DAKO PT Link. Slides were peroxidase blocked in 3% H2O2 in methanol for 10 mins. They were then blocked with Dako Protein block for 10 minutes (containing casein 0.25% in PBS) then incubated with primary antibody for 20 min and detected with Dako envision flex amplification kit for 30 minutes. Colorimetric detection was completed with Diaminobenzidine for 5 minutes. Slides were counterstained with Haematoxylin and coverslipped under DePeX. Please note that for manual staining we recommend to optimize the primary antibody concentration and incubation time (overnight incubation), and amplification may be required.
ICC/IF image of ab18995 stained HepG2 cells. The cells were 4% formaldehyde fixed (10 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab18995, 1µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.
Western blot - Anti-Aromatase antibody (ab18995)
Anti-Aromatase antibody (ab18995) at 1 µg/ml + Human brain normal tissue lysate - membrane extract (ab29456) at 10 µg
Secondary Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) preadsorbed (ab97080) at 1/5000 dilution Developed using the ECL technique
Performed under reducing conditions.
Predicted band size : 58 kDa Observed band size : 58 kDa Additional bands at : 34 kDa. We are unsure as to the identity of these extra bands.
Dos Santos AC et al. Immunolocalization of steroidogenic enzymes in the vaginal mucous of Galea spixii during the estrous cycle. Reprod Biol Endocrinol15:30 (2017).
Read more (PubMed: 28438170) »
Zhang F et al. Seasonal changes of androgen receptor, estrogen receptors and aromatase expression in the medial preoptic area of the wild male ground squirrels (Citellus dauricus Brandt). Eur J Histochem60:2621 (2016).
Read more (PubMed: 27349316) »