Anti-Androgen Receptor抗体[AR27] (ab49712)

概述

  • 产品名称Anti-Androgen Receptor抗体[AR27]
    参阅全部 Androgen Receptor 一抗
  • 描述
    小鼠单克隆抗体[AR27] to Androgen Receptor
  • 经测试应用适用于: IHC-Pmore details
  • 种属反应性
    与反应: Human
  • 免疫原

    Recombinant protein of 321 amino acids representing the N terminus of the human androgen receptor.

  • 阳性对照
    • IHC-P: Human prostatic adenocarcinoma

性能

应用

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab49712 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

应用 Ab评论 说明
IHC-P Use at an assay dependent concentration. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

靶标

  • 功能Steroid hormone receptors are ligand-activated transcription factors that regulate eukaryotic gene expression and affect cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Transcription factor activity is modulated by bound coactivator and corepressor proteins. Transcription activation is down-regulated by NR0B2. Activated, but not phosphorylated, by HIPK3 and ZIPK/DAPK3.
    Isoform 3 and isoform 4 lack the C-terminal ligand-binding domain and may therefore constitutively activate the transcription of a specific set of genes independently of steroid hormones.
  • 组织特异性Isoform 2 is mainly expressed in heart and skeletal muscle (PubMed:15634333). Isoform 3 is expressed by basal and stromal cells of prostate (at protein level) (PubMed:19244107).
  • 疾病相关Androgen insensitivity syndrome
    Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy X-linked 1
    Defects in AR may play a role in metastatic prostate cancer. The mutated receptor stimulates prostate growth and metastases development despite of androgen ablation. This treatment can reduce primary and metastatic lesions probably by inducing apoptosis of tumor cells when they express the wild-type receptor.
    Androgen insensitivity, partial
  • 序列相似性Belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor family. NR3 subfamily.
    Contains 1 nuclear receptor DNA-binding domain.
  • 结构域Composed of three domains: a modulating N-terminal domain, a DNA-binding domain and a C-terminal ligand-binding domain. In the presence of bound steroid the ligand-binding domain interacts with the N-terminal modulating domain, and thereby activates AR transcription factor activity. Agonist binding is required for dimerization and binding to target DNA. The transcription factor activity of the complex formed by ligand-activated AR and DNA is modulated by interactions with coactivator and corepressor proteins. Interaction with RANBP9 is mediated by both the N-terminal domain and the DNA-binding domain. Interaction with EFCAB6/DJBP is mediated by the DNA-binding domain.
  • 翻译后修饰Sumoylated on Lys-388 (major) and Lys-521. Ubiquitinated. Deubiquitinated by USP26. 'Lys-6' and 'Lys-27'-linked polyubiquitination by RNF6 modulates AR transcriptional activity and specificity.
    Phosphorylated in prostate cancer cells in response to several growth factors including EGF. Phosphorylation is induced by c-Src kinase (CSK). Tyr-535 is one of the major phosphorylation sites and an increase in phosphorylation and Src kinase activity is associated with prostate cancer progression. Phosphorylation by TNK2 enhances the DNA-binding and transcriptional activity and may be responsible for androgen-independent progression of prostate cancer. Phosphorylation at Ser-83 by CDK9 regulates AR promoter selectivity and cell growth. Phosphorylation by PAK6 leads to AR-mediated transcription inhibition.
    Palmitoylated by ZDHHC7 and ZDHHC21. Palmitoylation is required for plasma membrane targeting and for rapid intracellular signaling via ERK and AKT kinases and cAMP generation.
  • 细胞定位Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Predominantly cytoplasmic in unligated form but translocates to the nucleus upon ligand-binding. Can also translocate to the nucleus in unligated form in the presence of RACK1.
  • Information by UniProt
  • 数据库链接
  • 形式There are 2 isoforms produced by alternative splicing. Isoform 1 is also known as: AR-B; isoform 2 is known as AR-A or variant AR45.
  • 别名
    • AIS antibody
    • ANDR_HUMAN antibody
    • Androgen nuclear receptor variant 2 antibody
    • Androgen receptor (dihydrotestosterone receptor; testicular feminization; spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy; Kennedy disease) antibody
    • Androgen receptor antibody
    • androgen receptor splice variant 4b antibody
    • AR antibody
    • AR8 antibody
    • DHTR antibody
    • Dihydro testosterone receptor antibody
    • Dihydrotestosterone receptor (DHTR) antibody
    • Dihydrotestosterone receptor antibody
    • HUMARA antibody
    • HYSP1 antibody
    • KD antibody
    • Kennedy disease (KD) antibody
    • NR3C4 antibody
    • Nuclear receptor subfamily 3 group C member 4 (NR3C4) antibody
    • Nuclear receptor subfamily 3 group C member 4 antibody
    • SBMA antibody
    • SMAX1 antibody
    • Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) antibody
    • Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy antibody
    • Testicular Feminization (TFM) antibody
    • TFM antibody
    see all

Anti-Androgen Receptor antibody [AR27] 图像

  • Ab49712, at a dilution of 1/50, staining Androgen Receptor in paraffin section of human prostatic adenocarcinoma by Immunohistochemistry. Note nuclear staining of tumor cells.

Anti-Androgen Receptor antibody [AR27] (ab49712)参考文献

ab49712 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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