ab94078 is a 293T cell transfected lysate in which Human alpha 1 Antichymotrypsin has been transiently over-expressed using a pCMV-alpha 1 Antichymotrypsin plasmid. The lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer. Note: For more detailed how the transfected lysate was prepared view preparation notes
Disease: Defects in SERPINA3 may be a cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) [MIM:107280].
Domain: The reactive center loop (RCL) extends out from the body of the protein and directs binding to the target protease. The protease cleaves the serpin at the reactive site within the RCL, establishing a covalent linkage between the carboxyl group of the serpin reactive site and the serine hydroxyl of the protease. The resulting inactive serpin-protease complex is highly stable.
Function: Although its physiological function is unclear, it can inhibit neutrophil cathepsin G and mast cell chymase, both of which can convert angiotensin-1 to the active angiotensin-2.
Similarity: Belongs to the serpin family.
Tissue specificity: Plasma. Synthesized in the liver. Like the related alpha-1-antitrypsin, its concentration increases in the acute phase of inflammation or infection. Found in the amyloid plaques from the hippocampus of Alzheimer disease brains.