Highly expressed in the most primitive normal hematopoietic cells. Expressed in brain, particularly in neurons that give rise to the crossing axons of the corticospinal tract and superior cerebellar peduncles. Expressed in kidney (renal collecting duct cells) (at protein level).
Defects in AHI1 are the cause of Joubert syndrome type 3 (JBTS3) [MIM:608629]. JBTS is an autosomal recessive disorder presenting with cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, hypotonia, neonatal breathing abnormalities and psychomotor delay. Neuroradiologically, it is characterized by cerebellar vermian hypoplasia/aplasia, thickened and reoriented superior cerebellar peduncles, and an abnormally large interpeduncular fossa, giving the appearance of a molar tooth on transaxial slices (molar tooth sign). Additional variable features include retinal dystrophy and renal disease. JBTS3 shows minimal extra central nervous system involvement and appears not to be associated with renal dysfunction.