The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
应用说明WB: Use at a concentration of 1-5 µg/ml.
This antibody has only been tested in WB against the recombinant fragment used as immunogen. We have no data on the detection of endogenous protein.
Not yet tested in other applications. Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
功能Catalyzes the initial step in triglyceride hydrolysis in adipocyte and non-adipocyte lipid droplets. Also has acylglycerol transacylase activity. May act coordinately with LIPE/HLS within the lipolytic cascade. Regulates adiposome size and may be involved in the degradation of adiposomes. May play an important role in energy homeostasis. May play a role in the response of the organism to starvation, enhancing hydrolysis of triglycerides and providing free fatty acids to other tissues to be oxidized in situations of energy depletion.
组织特异性Highest expression in adipose tissue. Also detected in heart, skeletal muscle, and portions of the gastrointestinal tract. Detected in normal retina and retinoblastoma cells. Detected in retinal pigment epithelium and, at lower intensity, in the inner segments of photoreceptors and in the ganglion cell layer of the neural retina (at protein level).
疾病相关Note=Genetic variations in PNPLA2 may be associated with risk of diabetes mellitus type 2. Defects in PNPLA2 are the cause of neutral lipid storage disease with myopathy (NLSDM) [MIM:610717]; also known as neutral lipid storage disease without ichthyosis. NSLDM is a neutral lipid storage disorder (NLSD) with myopathy but without ichthyosis. NLSDs are characterized by the presence of triglyceride-containing cytoplasmic droplets in leukocytes and in other tissues, including bone marrow, skin, and muscle. Individuals with NLSDM did not show obesity, in spite of a defect in triglyceride degradation in fibroblasts and in marked triglyceride storage in liver, muscles, and other visceral cells.
序列相似性Contains 1 patatin domain.
发展阶段Induced during differentiation of primary preadipocytes to adipocytes. Expression increased from fetal to adult in retinal pigment epithelium.